People's Action Party
人民行动党 
Parti Tindakan Rakyat
Founded: 21 November 1954
Registered: 18 February 1961
Symbol: Flash & circle
Website: http://www.pap.org.sg/
Undoubtedly the most prominent political party in Singapore's history, it began as a union of two left-wing congregations, both wanting independence for the country but in different ways. One was headed by Lee Kuan Yew and the other by Lim Chin Siong. Eventually, the former group fell out with members of the latter, branded them as communist sympathisers and, in 1961, purged them from the party, who then went on to establish Barisan. Since winning the 1959 General Election to form the government, PAP has dominated Singapore's political arena for decades and remains the ruling party today, albeit shifting away from the socialist ideology. Lee was Singapore's first Prime Minister for 32 years and, except for a short time in 1957, PAP's secretary-general for nearly 40 years. He was succeeded by Goh Chok Tong as PM on 28 November 1990 and secretary-general on 15 November 1992. Goh handed the reins to Lee's eldest son, Lee Hsien Loong, who became Singapore's third PM on 12 August 2004 and assumed the party's key post on 3 December 2004. The younger Lee plans to hand over premiership to a successor after the 2020 GE. To date, three of seven Singapore Presidents had been PAP Members of Parliament, including C. V. Devan Nair from 1981 to 1985, as well as elected Presidents Ong Teng Cheong from 1993 to 1999 and Dr Tony Tan from 2011 to date, both whom had served as PAP's chairman and a Deputy PM. The party's publication is known as "Petir", which is a Malay translation of the word "lightning", its well-known symbol.
(Note: PAP has used the same symbol but modified and refined the design over the years. An older and a newer version is used to distinguish the pre-independence PAP before 1965 from the post-independence PAP.)
General Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1955 25 4 3 55.7 1988 (Supermajority) 81 81 80 63.2
1959 (Supermajority) 51 51 43 54.1 1991 (Supermajority) 81 81 77 61.0
1963 (2-3rds majority) 51 51 37 46.9 1997 (Supermajority) 83 83 81 65.0
1968 (Supermajority) 58 58 58 86.7 2001 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 75.3
1972 (Supermajority) 65 65 65 70.4 2006 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 66.6
1976 (Supermajority) 69 69 69 74.1 2011 (Supermajority) 87 87 81 60.1
1980 (Supermajority) 75 75 75 77.7 2015 (Supermajority) 89 89 83 69.9
1984 (Supermajority) 79 79 77 64.8
By-Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 2 1 1 68.1 May 1977 1 1 1 70.6
Apr 1961 1 1 0 26.7 Jul 1977 1 1 1 72.2
Jul 1961 1 1 0 36.7 1979 7 7 7 72.7
1965 1 1 1 59.5 1981 1 1 0 47.1
Jan 1966 1 1 1 82.9 1992 4 4 4 72.9
Mar 1966 3 3 3 - 2012 1 1 0 37.9
Nov 1966 3 3 3 - 2013 1 1 0 43.7
1967 5 5 5 83.6 2016 1 1 1 61.2
1970 5 5 5 69.9
Local Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 (Coalition) 32 14 13 63.2 1958 (By-Election) 1 1 1 52.0