People's Action Party
人民行动党 
Parti Tindakan Rakyat
Founded: 21 November 1954
Registered: 18 February 1961
Symbol: Lightning & circle
Website: http://www.pap.org.sg/
Undoubtedly the most prominent political party in Singapore history, it began as a congregation of two left-wing factions, both wanting independence for the country. They were the socialists led by Lee Kuan Yew and pro-communist sympathisers by Lim Chin Siong. In 1961, the latter group broke away to form Barisan. Since winning the 1959 General Election to form the government, it has dominated Singapore's political arena and remains the ruling party today, albeit shifting away from the socialism ideology. Lee was Singapore's first Prime Minister for 32 years and, except for a short time in 1957, PAP's secretary-general for nearly 40 years. He was succeeded by Goh Chok Tong as PM on 28 November 1990 and secretary-general on 15 November 1992. Goh handed the reins to Lee's eldest son, Lee Hsien Loong, who became Singapore's third PM on 12 August 2004 and assumed the party's key post in December 2004. PM Lee plans to hand over the premiership to his successor after 2020 GE. To date, three of seven Singapore Presidents had been PAP Members of Parliament, including C. V. Devan Nair and two of the three elected Presidents, Ong Teng Cheong and Dr Tony Tan, each who had served as PAP's chairman and deputy PM.
(Note: PAP has used the same symbol but modified and refined the design over the years. An older and a newer version is used to distinguish the pre-independence PAP before 1965 from the post-independence PAP.)
General Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1955 25 4 3 55.7 1988 (Supermajority) 81 81 80 63.2
1959 (Supermajority) 51 51 43 54.1 1991 (Supermajority) 81 81 77 61.0
1963 (2-3rds majority) 51 51 37 46.9 1997 (Supermajority) 83 83 81 65.0
1968 (Supermajority) 58 58 58 86.7 2001 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 75.3
1972 (Supermajority) 65 65 65 70.4 2006 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 66.6
1976 (Supermajority) 69 69 69 74.1 2011 (Supermajority) 87 87 81 60.1
1980 (Supermajority) 75 75 75 77.7 2015 (Supermajority) 89 89 83 69.9
1984 (Supermajority) 79 79 77 64.8
By-Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 2 1 1 68.1 May 1977 1 1 1 70.6
Apr 1961 1 1 0 26.7 Jul 1977 1 1 1 72.2
Jul 1961 1 1 0 36.7 1979 7 7 7 72.7
1965 1 1 1 59.5 1981 1 1 0 47.1
Jan 1966 1 1 1 82.9 1992 4 4 4 72.9
Mar 1966 3 3 3 - 2012 1 1 0 37.9
Nov 1966 3 3 3 - 2013 1 1 0 43.7
1967 5 5 5 83.6 2016 1 1 1 61.2
1970 5 5 5 69.9
Local Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 (Coalition) 32 14 13 63.2 1958 (By-Election) 1 1 1 52.0