PARLIAMENTARY GENERAL ELECTION 1991

This was Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong's maiden helmsmanship of PAP in an election after Lee Kuan Yew stepped down as PM and PAP's secretary-general in 1990. The Electoral Boundaries Review Committee published its report on 8 August 1991, after placing it with PM's Office on 29 July 1991. For the first time since 1963, there was no increase in number of seats. There were also no new single wards but half of them were absorbed into expanded four-member GRCs. Five GRC divisions that were once single wards, Alexandra, Henderson, Pasir Panjang, Tanah Merah and Whampoa, disappeared and new divisions in their place were Bishan East, Bishan North, Changkat South, Hong Kah West and Pasir Ris. A week after the report and just three years after the last GE, PM Goh called for a snap election to court a fresh mandate, setting the record of the shortest Parliament term. An independent arrived too late to file his nomination in Kreta Ayer, triggering the only single seat walkover. In the end, PAP lost an unprecedented four seats, the biggest seat loss since the 1963 GE, and its share of votes fell for the third consecutive time. SDP added two more to the seat retained successfully by leader Chiam See Tong, with eight out of its nine candidates coming in top ten, becoming the main opposition party. WP made its second in-road into the legislature with the victory of organising secretary Low Thia Khiang, who would years later become the party secretary-general and leader. At a press conference, PM Goh glumly attributed the loss to his "open and consultative style of government" and pledged to re-evaluate his approach. Since the introduction of the Non-Constituency Member of Parliament scheme in 1984, this was the only occasion NCMP seats were not offered, as the four opposition seats exceeded the three NCMP seats provided for. Therefore, the second narrow defeat of WP's Eunos GRC team, anchored by Dr Lee Siew Choh again, did not see Dr Lee's return as NCMP. This was his permanent exit from the legislature and final electoral battle, as he resigned from WP and retired from politics in 1993. The maximum of six Nominated MPs were appointed for this term, up from two NMPs previously.

7th Parliament dissolution: 14 August 1991 [Wed]
Nomination day: 21 August 1991 [Wed]
Polling day: 31 August 1991 [Sat]
8th Parliament convention: 6 January 1992 [Mon]

Electorate: 1,692,384
Walkover voters: 844,668 (49.9%)
Eligible voters: 847,716 (50.1%)
Voter turnout: 805,593 (95.0%)

Election deposit: $6,000 (+$2,000)

RESULTS
Single member constituencies Group representation constituencies
Ayer Rajah Jurong Aljunied GRC Tampines GRC
Boon Lay Kreta Ayer Ang Mo Kio GRC Tanjong Pagar GRC
Braddell Heights Leng Kee Bedok GRC Thomson GRC
Bukit Batok Mountbatten Brickworks GRC Toa Payoh GRC
Bukit Gombak Nee Soon Central Cheng San GRC
Bukit Merah Nee Soon South Eunos GRC
Bukit Timah Potong Pasir Hong Kah GRC
Buona Vista Tanglin Jalan Besar GRC
Changi Ulu Pandan Kampong Glam GRC
Chua Chu Kang Yuhua Marine Parade GRC
Hougang Sembawang GRC
Total seats = 81


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