PARLIAMENTARY GENERAL ELECTION 1991
This was Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong's maiden helmsmanship of PAP in an election after Lee Kuan Yew stepped down as PM and PAP's secretary-general in 1990. The Electoral Boundaries Review Committee published its report on 8 August 1991, after placing it with PM's Office on 29 July 1991. For the first time since 1963, there was no increase in number of seats. There were also no new single wards but half of them were absorbed into expanded four-member GRCs. Five GRC divisions that were previously single wards, Alexandra, Henderson, Pasir Panjang, Tanah Merah and Whampoa, disappeared and new divisions in their place were Bishan East, Bishan North, Changkat South, Hong Kah West and Pasir Ris. A week after the report, PM Goh called for a snap election to court a fresh mandate. This was merely three years after the last GE, setting the record of the shortest Parliament term. An independent arrived late to file his nomination in Kreta Ayer, causing the only single seat walkover. PAP lost an unprecedented four seats, the biggest number since the 1963 GE, and its share of votes fell for the third consecutive time. SDP added two more spoils in addition to the seat retained successfully by leader Chiam See Tong, becoming the main opposition party, and eight out of nine SDP candidates came in among the top ten opposition candidates. WP made its second in-road into the legislature with the victory of organising secretary Low Thia Khiang, who would years later become WP secretary-general and leader. At a press conference, PM Goh glumly attributed the loss to his "open and consultative style of government" and pledged to re-evaluate his approach. Since the introduction of the Non-Constituency Member of Parliament scheme in 1984, this was the only occasion NCMP seats were not offered, as the four opposition seats exceeded the minimum of three NCMP seats alloted. Therefore, the "deja vu" narrow defeat of WP's Eunos GRC team, anchored by Dr Lee Siew Choh again, did not see Dr Lee's return as NCMP. This became his final electoral contest and legislature presence, as he resigned from WP and retired from politics in 1993. Six Nominated MPs, the maximum, were appointed for this term, up from two NMPs previously.
7th Parliament dissolution: 14 August 1991 [Wed]
Election deposit: $6,000 (+$2,000)