United Democratic Party
Founded: 22 April 1962
Dissolved: 23 June 1968
Symbol: Triangles
Established by a MCA splinter led by erstwhile MCA president Dr Lim Chong Eu after a major dispute with UMNO over seat arrangements and other issues. UDP was officially registered on 12 July 1962 but dissolved after six years in a bid to set up Gerakan together with former members of LPM. The new party was launched on 24 March 1968 and legalised two months later, with Prof Syed Hussein Alatas as founding president for a year before Dr Lim took over. In its debut in the 1969 Malaysia General Election, Gerakan captured the MCA-controlled Penang state and held a joint celebration march with Democratic Action Party, which became a catalyst for the 13 May 1969 racial riots. From 1971, Gerakan began to foster ties with Malaysia's governing Alliance but this drew the ire of Prof Syed Hussein, Dr Tan Chee Khoon and many once with the defunct LPM, who broke away and formed the short-lived Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia (Malaysian Social Justice Party). In 1973, Gerakan co-founded Barisan Nasional, a national unity government, along with Alliance and several opposition parties. For nearly four decades, the party headed the BN Penang government but lost the state to DAP and allies in 2008. By the 2018 GE, Gerakan had been totally wiped out from all legislatures and on 23 June that year, announced that it would quit BN after 45 years of being in the coalition.
Related organisation
Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malaysian People's Movement Party)