People's Progressive Party (f.k.a. Perak Progressive Party)
Founded: 11 January 1953
Founded by S. Kanapathipillai and brothers S. P. and D. R. Seenivasagam, the latter having left Perak Labour, it was inspired by Singapore's Progressive Party. With a large proportion of members from Malaysia's minority Indian community, it became a natural alternative to MIC. In 1954, PPP joined Alliance as the fourth component but left after a year for not being alloted a seat the Ipoh local election. To expand from a regional to national platform in 1956, it replaced "Perak" with "People's". In 1966, it formed the short-lived United Front with Labour Party of Malaya. Before the 1969 Malaysia General Election, PPP chief D. R. passed away and S. P. took over but his decision to reunite the party with Alliance in 1972 and co-found Barisan Nasional, a coalition formed in the wake the 13 May 1969 racial riots, cost it dearly in the 1974 GE. Gradually, it lost all elected representation. Between 1988 and 1992, PPP was suspended from BN owing to an internal dispute and passed over for three elections spanning 1990 to 1999. A rebranding effort in 2015 initiated by M. Kavyeas saw it add "My", denoting Malaysia, to its acronym. Before the 2018 GE, Kayveas pulled MyPPP out of BN, citing a plot by UMNO to remove him as party leader. His deputy, Maglin D'Cruz, who claimed to be the new chief, said Kayveas had been expelled and the party would remain within BN. Due to the tussle, the Malaysian societies registrar dissolved MyPPP on 14 January 2019, only to reinstate it on 7 October 2019 after appeals, provided they elect new leaders.
Other symbols
1953 - 1995 1995 - 2005
2005 - 2010 2010 - 2015