Parti Islam Se-Malaysia
(English: Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party)
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party
Founded: 31 May 1955
Originally the Islamic bureau of UMNO Malaya led by Ahmad Fuad Hassan that branched out into a distinct Muslim organisation called Pan-Malayan Islamic Association or Persatuan Islam Sa-Tanah Melayu, on 24 November 1951. In 1953, Ahmad Fuad crossed over to Onn Ja'afar's Independence of Malaya Party. Around that time, dual membership of UMNO and PMIA became prohibited. Under Abbas Alias, PMIP was legalised before the 1955 Malaya General Election with the Malay name "Persatuan Islam Sa-Malaya". He stepped down the following year in favour of ex-leader of the banned Malay Nationalist Party, Burhanuddin al-Helmy, who veered PMIP left. The symbol denoting the five pillars of Islam was replaced as opponents derided PMIP for supporting the lopping of hands. After Burhanuddin passed away in 1969, Asri Muda succeeded him and steered the party right by making nationalism the agenda. On 20 June 1971, PMIP changed its Malay name to the present and popularized the "PAS" acronym. In 1973, Asri brought PAS into Barisan Nasional, a national unity government spearheaded by Alliance following the racial riots on 13 May 1969. PAS was expelled from BN in 1977 for attempting to remove its Kelantan Menteri Besar, Muhamed Nasir, which BN supported. This led to the Kelantan Emergency and Muhamed forming Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front). PMIP was compelled by the authorities to change its symbol to a moon while giving up its star to Berjasa. In the Malaysia election of 1978, PAS lost Kelantan to BN and Berjasa. In 1986, Asri was ousted by Yusof Rawa and set up the BN-friendly Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (Malaysia Muslim People's Party). Under Yusof, the party emphasis on religiosity increased. By 1990, PAS had regained Kelantan with former foe Berjasa and two other parties under Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (Muslim Unity Movement). For the 2008 and 2013 elections, PAS shifted to a moderate, inclusive stand as part of Pakatan Rakyat (People's Pact), which did well enough to deny BN a two-thirds majority but in 2015, it reverted to lobbying for Islamic laws and broke off from PR to establish its own alliance, Gagasan Sejahtera (Harmony Concept) with Berjasa. After the 2018 polls, which BN lost power to Pakatan Harapan (Hope Coalition), PAS drew closer to long-time rival UMNO and they jointly launched Muafakat Nasional (National Consensus) in 2019. In 2020, it formed Perikatan Nasional (National Alliance) with UMNO splinter Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Malaysian United Indigenous Party), which had exited PH, to take over the government through a "backdoor" deal.
Other symbols
1955 - 1957