Party Negara
(English: National Party)
Founded: 28 February 1954
Dissolved: 11 February 1967
Onn Ja'afar founded UMNO in May 1946 but due to its increasingly communalist direction, he resigned to set up the multi-racial Independence of Malaya Party on 16 September 1951. IMP failed to gain traction with Malay voters and Onn left it in 1953 to re-establish himself with a Malay-based political party by joining Negara, taking over Hamzah Abdullah as its leader in 1955. IMP was disbanded in the same year. In the 1959 election in Malaya, Negara won seats only in Trengganu. On 19 January 1962, Onn passed away. His successor, Baba Ludek, crossed over to UDP in 1964 within two years at the helm. Under new chief Garieb Abdul Raouf, Negara lost all its seats in Malaysia's first General Election that year and was eventually de-registered by the Malaysian government after becoming comatose from around 1965. In 1968, Onn's son Hussein Onn, former UMNO youth chief and IMP leader, was invited to rejoin UMNO and rose to become Malaysia's third Prime Minister in just eight years. His son and Onn's grandson, Hishammuddin Hussein, was also a minister since 1999, except for two years from 2018 to 2020 when BN lost power.