Malayan People's Socialist Front
Founded: 31 August 1957
Dissolved: January 1966
A confederation of labour parties across the Peninsular formed Pan-Malayan Labour Party on 26 June 1952, which was reconstituted as a single party LPM on 6 June 1954 under the helm of D. S. Ramanathan. On 11 November 1955, Ahmad Boestamam, one-time youth chief of the banned Malay Nationalist Party, established PRM, which was registered on 20 April 1956. The two parties launched left-wing coalition MPSF on Merdeka Day, 31 August 1957, although it only became official on 29 July 1958. Ramanathan, who was succeeded by another ex-MNP leader Ishak Mohammad as LPM chief in 1959, joined MIC in 1963. Before the 1964 Malaysia General Election, MPSF took in NCP, a Selangor UMNO splinter set up on 29 August 1963 by Abdul Aziz Ishak, brother of Singapore Head of State Yusof Ishak and PAP lawmaker Abdul Rahim Ishak. In December 1965, PRM left the umbrella. A month later, the remaining two components snuffed out MPSF for good. NCP soon became defunct after several leaders were detained. In 1968, the moderate LPM faction merged with UDP to form Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Malaysian People's Movement Party) but broke away in 1971 to form Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia (Malaysian Social Justice Party) after Gerakan drew towards Alliance. A more radical LPM took on the Alliance government aggressively and was banned on 6 September 1972 for being a national security threat. Meanwhile, PRM was renamed PSRM in 1970. Under Syed Husin Ali, PSRM reverted to its original name in 1989 but this triggered the departure of a pro-left group led by Mohd Nasir Hashim, which embarked on socialist grassroots work before setting up PSM on 30 April 1998. In 2003, most of PRM including Syed Husin crossed over to Parti Keadilan Nasional (National Justice Party), which was renamed Parti Keadilan Rakyat (People's Justice Party) after the "merger". A few who wanted to keep PRM alive revived it under a new leadership in 2005 and surfaced it once again in the 2008 polls, although it stayed out in 2013 to avert multi-corner fights and gave support to PSM. As for PSM, it was denied registration until 19 August 2008. Therefore, it contested under the banner of Democratic Action Party in 1999 and PKR in 2004 and 2008. In 2015, PSM founded Gabungan Kiri (Left Coalition) along with several groups and individuals including PRM members. By the 2018 Malaysia election, PRM and PSM had ceased working with its erstwhile ally PKR.
Component parties
Partai Ra'ayat Malaya
(English: Malayan People's Party)
Parti Sosialis Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malaysian People's Socialist Party)
Labour Party of Malaya Parti Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malaysian People's Party)
National Convention Party
Related organisation
Parti Sosialis Malaysia
(English: Socialist Party of Malaysia)