SINGAPORE ELECTIONS  www.singapore-elections.com

SINGAPORE ELECTIONS is a comprehensive archive of Singapore election results. Launched in May 1998 on a free web hosting platform, it acquired its present domain name in August 2004. Information here is useful for researchers, writers and political observers to study election trends, obtain statistics or produce articles.

For more information, contact us here. Please note that this is NOT the Elections Department website, which is here.

Legislative Council Elections

After the end of the second World War in 1945, the Legislative Council, which the British had first established in 1867 when Singapore became a Crown Colony, was reinstated. On 18 July 1947, the Legislative Council Election Ordinance was passed to provide for a token number of seats to be filled by election, with colony-appointed officials holding the majority of seats. This opened Singapore to universal suffrage for the first time although candidacy and voting were only privy to "British subjects". Candidates who garner less than one-eighth or 12.5% of the valid votes would have their election deposits forfeited. PP emerged as the dominant political party.

General Election 1948 By-Election 1948
General Election 1951 By-Election 1952

Legislative Assembly Elections

The Rendel Constitution was introduced in 1953 to confer self-governance to Singapore. The Legislative Council was replaced by the Legislative Assembly, with more elected seats and reduced colony-appointees. Voting rights were now given to all local citizens. In 1955, LF won the largest number of seats to form a coalition government. With local legislators continuing to push for more autonomy, Singapore was finally granted complete self-government in 1958 with a fully-elected legislature and compulsory voting for all. In 1959, PAP won a landslide victory and came into power. On 16 September 1963, Singapore joined Malaysia along with Sabah and Sarawak, with the blessings of its former British masters. A year later, PAP extended its presence into the Peninsular and sent a token number of candidates to contest the Malaysia General Election 1964. Although it was badly routed, the move fuelled friction between the Singapore state's leaders and Malaysia's UMNO-led governing Alliance Party coalition.

General Election 1955 By-Elections 1957
General Election 1959
   
By-Election April 1961 By-Election July 1961
General Election 1963
By-Election 1965

Parliamentary Elections

Within the two tumultuous years when Singapore was part of Malaysia, differences between the local PAP government and the national Alliance Party government eventually reached an irreconciliable stage. On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent Republic and the Legislative Assembly was renamed Parliament. Since then, PAP has been returned to power in every general election, with an absolute super-majority each time. After Barisan boycotted Parliament in 1966, PAP gained complete dominance over the legislature with no opposition representation until WP broke the monopoly in 1981 and captured the first opposition GRC in 2011. A Parliament term is no more than five years and a fresh election is called after its dissolution.

By-Election January 1966 By-Elections March 1966
By-Elections November 1966
By-Elections 1967 General Election 1968
   
By-Elections 1970
General Election 1972 General Election 1976
By-Election May 1977 By-Election July 1977
By-Elections 1979
   
General Election 1980 By-Election 1981
General Election 1984 General Election 1988
   
General Election 1991 By-Election 1992
General Election 1997
   
General Election 2001 General Election 2006
   
General Election 2011
By-Election 2012 By-Election 2013
General Election 2015



  
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Municipal Commission Elections

Established in 1887, the Municipal Commission administered the planning of Singapore's town area and managed essential utilities such as electricity and water, while the countryside came under the Rural Districts Council. Municipal Elections from 1889 to 1911 gave the island its first taste of elections but were abolished in 1913 owing to excessive politicking. They were restored after World War II to broaden political participation at the local level in preparation for Singapore's self-governance.

Municipal Election April 1949
Municipal Election December 1949
Municipal Election 1950

City Council Elections

On 23 September 1951, Singapore was elevated to the status of a British city and the Municipal Commission was renamed the City Council. In 1957, after recommendations and reviews of three committees were passed, the City Council became a fully elected body and the office of Council President was replaced by a Mayor. After taking power in 1959, the PAP government phased out the City Council in order not to let it become a separate centre of power and its functions were integrated into statutory boards. In 1986, some of these functions were again transferred to town councils under the jurisdiction of elected Members of Parliament.

City Election 1951 City Election 1952
City Election 1953 City Election 1957
City By-Election 1958



National Referendums

To date, there has only been one referendum in Singapore's history, which was to allow citizens to decide the country's status within Malaysia after the merger.

National Referendum 1962



Presidential Elections

In 1992, the Singapore Constitution was amended to provide for a President elected by the people. The role was expanded include veto powers over arrests made under the Internal Security Act, appointments of government officials and safeguarding the national reserves. Prior to this, the past four Presidents were elected by the legislature, beginning from Yusof bin Ishak, who first served as the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (Head of State) from 3 December 1959 all the way to Singapore's independence. An elected President's term is six years and candidates have to fulfill stringent conditions in order to be eligible to contest.

Presidential Election 1993 Presidential Election 1999
Presidential Election 2005 Presidential Election 2011
Presidential Election 2017



Appendix
 
  • Political parties in Singapore
  • Electoral constituencies & divisions
  • Candidates name list (alphabetical order):
  •  
    A - B C D - F G H - I J - K La - Le Li - Lu
    M N O P - R S T U - W Y - Z
     
  • Resources for this website and awards



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